A board of directors, also referred to as “BoD” or a “board”, is a group of people chosen by shareholders to represent the interests of the company. Board members create guidelines for the overall oversight of the company and management, in addition to safeguarding shareholder assets. The board acts as a liaison between the shareholders and the company and ensures that the company is operating in a legally-sound and responsible way.
This is a way of setting the tone for all employees at the top by establishing the basic rules of ethical conduct. It approves corporate strategies which are designed to create long-term sustainability, chooses a chief executive officer who oversees the CEO and upper management in operating the business of the company, which includes the allocation of capital for growth as well as assessing and managing risks.
The board also reviews financial reports and assures that the company’s operations are in compliance with the law and regulations. It also communicates with all stakeholders, including netboardroom employees as well as suppliers and customers and the local community, to listen to their concerns.
A company’s board must have a mix of inside and outside members that are a mix of gender, age and ethnicity. In fact, companies with more diversity on their boards are able to perform better financially than those with no. This is because boards with a diversity of members are more likely to offer a variety of opinions and perspectives that can result in better decisions.