Income vs Revenue vs Earnings Definition, Profit

Consider avenues in which you received compensation in return for something, whether it was time spent working a job or profit for selling something. The remaining $26,000 ($1,000 of ordinary dividends and $25,000 of capital gain distributions) are not considered earned income. To qualify for the credit, you must file a tax return even if you don’t owe any tax or otherwise wouldn’t be required to file one. Taxpayers may collect an array of earned income, and a single taxpayer may collect more than one type of earned income at any given time.

In contrast, service-based businesses may calculate revenue based on the number of hours worked and the hourly rate. But, with some adjustments, the revenue formula will work for everyone. Revenue calculations can differ depending on the nature of the business. For example, product-based businesses typically calculate revenue based on the number of units sold and the price per unit. Quantity refers to the total number of units sold during a specific period.

Strong revenues will indicate that a business can sell its product or service but strong profits will indicate a business is in good financial health. It is necessary to check the cash flow statement to assess how efficiently a company collects money owed. Cash accounting, on the other hand, will only count sales as revenue when payment is received. Cash paid to a company is known as a “receipt.” It is possible to have receipts without revenue.

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This includes taxes, depreciation, rent, commissions, and production costs, among others. Income is often considered a synonym for revenue since both terms refer to positive cash flow. As such, it is commonly used to describe money earned by a person or company in exchange for goods, services, property, or labor.

  • The cash can come from financing, meaning that the company borrowed the money (in the case of debt), or raised it (in the case of equity).
  • For example, net income or incorporate expenses such as cost of goods sold, operating expenses, taxes, and interest expenses.
  • It’s crucial to note that revenue alone doesn’t indicate the profitability of a business.
  • Retained earnings are then carried over to the balance sheet, reported under shareholder’s equity.
  • For example, this may be the total expected costs to complete the project compared to costs incurred to date, or the total number of hours to complete the project compared to the number of hours to date.

When the conditions have been met, if payment has not yet been received, then the revenue should be recognized and an account receivable be should be recorded. If payment is received before product is delivered or services provided, then deferred revenue should be recorded. This is important, because when revenue is recognized, it will generally become taxable. In the context of business operations, income is the amount of money a company retains internally after paying all expenses and taxes.

What Are the Advantages of Revenue Management?

For some taxpayers, however, other ramifications of earned income are worth considering. While important, remember to be careful about calculating revenue in isolation; instead, consider analyzing it in conjunction with other metrics such as income, gross profits and expenses. This includes the cost of goods and other operating expenses, which get taken out of your revenue.

How to Calculate Revenue

Alternatively, it can choose to group revenue by car type (i.e. compact vs. truck). Yarilet Perez is an experienced multimedia journalist and fact-checker with a Master of Science in Journalism. She has worked in multiple cities covering breaking news, politics, education, and more.

However, retained earnings may be even more important for companies who have been saving capital to deploy for capital expansion or heavy investment into the business. If a company doesn’t have sufficient revenue to cover the above items, it will need to use an existing cash balance on its balance sheet. difference between horizontal and vertical analysis The cash can come from financing, meaning that the company borrowed the money (in the case of debt), or raised it (in the case of equity). We can see that Apple’s net income is smaller than its revenue since net income is the result of total revenue minus all of Apple’s expenses for the period.

How Is Retained Earnings Calculated?

Other comprehensive income includes items not shown in the income statement but which affect a company’s book value of equity. Pensions and foreign exchange translations are examples of these transactions. Retained earnings is calculated as the beginning balance ($5,000) plus net income (+$4,000) less dividends paid (-$2,000). The company would now have $7,000 of retained earnings at the end of the period. Retained earnings are a portion of a company’s profit that is held or retained from net income at the end of a reporting period and saved for future use as shareholder’s equity. Retained earnings are also the key component of shareholder’s equity that helps a company determine its book value.

Are Earnings Profit or Revenue?

Contributed revenue is money collected from sources offering support, like donations, fundraising proceeds, and federally funded or private foundation grant funds. Revenue that is classified as contributed is money that the organization collects from a source who is expecting nothing in return. If you have an accountant, they may calculate the revenue for you automatically or regularly. Allowances are other monetary benefits afforded to customers, such as store credit. Returns are subtractions to your revenue because you give back money to a customer.

A company’s financial statement includes its balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement. Generally accepted accounting principles require that revenues are recognized according to the revenue recognition principle, which is a feature of accrual accounting. This means that revenue is recognized on the income statement in the period when realized and earned—not necessarily when cash is received. It is calculated by subtracting all the costs of doing business from a company’s revenue. Those costs may include COGS and operating expenses such as mortgage payments, rent, utilities, payroll, and general costs. Other costs deducted from revenue to arrive at net income can include investment losses, debt interest payments, and taxes.

Revenue is very important when analyzing gross margin (revenue—cost of goods sold) or financial ratios like gross margin percentage (gross margin/revenue). This ratio is used to analyze how much profit a company has made after the cost of the merchandise is removed but before accounting for other expenses. In a financial statement, there might be a line item called “other revenue.” This revenue is money a company earns or receives for activities that are not related to its original business. For example, if a clothing store sells some of its merchandise, that amount is listed under revenue.


Although they are defined differently, they are frequently confused with one another. EPS is calculated as net profit divided by the number of common shares that a company has outstanding. The number represents how much money a company earns on each share of stock. It is the measurement of only income component of an entity’s operations.

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