Allocation vs Apportionment: Difference and Comparison

The Budget Control Act of 2011 established caps for fiscal years 2012 to 2021; no caps were established for subsequent years. Budget authority, obligations, and outlays are related terms that describe the funds provided, committed, and used for a program or activity. For example, a thorough survey would determine how much time and attention the foreman devotes to various departments. The rules for determining an appropriate foundation for allocating overhead expenses are outlined below. Both allocation and apportionment face certain challenges and require careful considerations. In finance, allocation is commonly used in portfolio management to distribute investments across different asset classes, such as stocks, bonds, or commodities.

  • Absorption of factory overheads refers to the process of including overhead costs in the total cost of production.
  • This helps to ensure that the costs are fairly divided among the different cost centers or products.
  • When those programs’ collections exceed their spending, the Treasury uses the surplus cash flows to fund other federal activities, and the trust funds are credited with a corresponding amount of Treasury securities.

Any differences created in the translation are not binding on the FTB and have no legal effect for compliance or enforcement purposes. If you have any questions related to the information contained in the translation, refer to the English version. Allocation and apportionment find applications in various domains, including finance, taxation, resource management, and cost accounting. For example, in budget allocation, government agencies may consider the needs of different sectors, such as education, healthcare, or defense, and allocate funds accordingly. Similarly, in investment allocation, portfolio managers may consider the risk appetite and investment objectives of clients to allocate assets across various investment options. Allocation uses a formula to determine the average level of business revenue a company generates by operating within a given state.

Similarities between Cost Allocation and Cost Apportionment

The same process is repeated for production department Y, and the total overhead cost that should be allocated to each production department is calculated by adding the overhead costs from each service department. Basis of absorption of overhead refers to the method used to allocate indirect costs to products or services. The choice of basis of absorption will depend on the nature of the cost and the objective of the allocation.

It involves dividing a total amount based on specific criteria, such as population, sales, or usage. The purpose of apportionment is to distribute resources or costs in a manner that reflects the relative contributions or benefits of each entity or jurisdiction. With the surge in e-commerce activities, states have been actively reevaluating their approach to sales apportionment, particularly concerning digital transactions.

Absorption is the process of including all overhead costs in the cost of a product or service. In this method, overhead costs are absorbed into the cost of each product or service based on a predetermined overhead absorption rate. The absorption rate is calculated by dividing total overhead costs by the total number of units produced.


States must take steps to prevent unfair and unnecessary taxation when businesses operate across states. Allocation and apportionment are the two main strategies used by governments to calculate a company’s tax exposure. Both methods have their own advantages and disadvantages and the choice of method depends on the type of costs being assigned and the level of accuracy required. Cost Allocation is more detailed and accurate but can be prone to inaccuracies if the cost driver used does not accurately reflect the consumption of costs. Cost Apportionment is simple but can result in inaccuracies if the basis used to divide the costs is not an accurate reflection of the consumption of costs. Although most federal programs operate on a fiscal year basis, some aspects of programs are set to the calendar year.

Allocation vs. Apportionment

When the entire expense is directly tied to one department, allocation is utilized, and apportionment is used when proportions of the expense come from several departments. The article provides a detailed explanation of these terminologies with examples and compares these cost-assignment strategies. Allocation and apportionment are strategies for dividing costs among different cost centres based on which department or cost centre each cost or component of a cost belongs to.

1 Primary Overhead Cost Distribution Methods.

This move has resulted in businesses recalibrating their tax strategies to align with the new requirements. Similarly, Texas has introduced a blended formula that considers both sales and payroll as significant factors in determining state tax apportionment, thereby influencing tax planning for companies operating within the state. Cost Allocation, as the name suggest, is the direct allotment of cost to the traceable cost object.

It helps diversify risk and optimize returns based on the investor’s objectives and risk tolerance. Apportionment, on the other hand, is often used in the distribution of profits or losses among partners or shareholders in a business entity. In simple terms, the expenses which are unallowable are dispersed over multiple departments, is known as apportionment.

How do you calculate state tax apportionment?

For instance, in the apportionment of taxes among states or provinces, factors such as population, income, or sales may be used to determine the share of each jurisdiction. Similarly, in the apportionment of common costs among departments of an organization, factors like headcount, square footage, or revenue may be considered. Allocation refers to the act of distributing resources or assigning specific amounts to different entities or activities. It involves dividing a total amount into smaller portions based on predetermined criteria or factors. The purpose of allocation is to ensure a fair and efficient distribution of resources, considering various factors such as needs, priorities, or performance.

Trả lời

Email của bạn sẽ không được hiển thị công khai. Các trường bắt buộc được đánh dấu *

08 8838 8838